Nutrients improve insulin levels, metabolic factors, and reduce chances for developing type 2 diabetes
Choline, betaine, and insulin resistance
Choline and betaine aid liver function, and help cells reproduce. In this study, doctors measured the diets of 2,394 adults from the general population.
Both men and women who got the most choline and betaine had the least insulin resistance, while men and women who got the least choline and betaine had the greatest insulin resistance. When insulin resistance is high, the body needs larger amounts of insulin to metabolize and use glucose, or sugar. Chances for developing type 2 diabetes increase as insulin resistance becomes more severe.
Doctors said choline and betaine could help alleviate inflammation, reduce oxidative stress, and help normalize metabolism, reducing chances for developing type 2 diabetes.
Magnesium reduces chances for diabetes
Doctors who reviewed 18 diabetes studies said that good magnesium levels in the diet reduce chances of developing type 2 diabetes. In nine of the studies covering 670 people, those taking magnesium supplements had lower fasting blood sugar levels compared to placebo.
In three of the studies, covering 453 people, those who took a magnesium supplement had better blood sugar levels compared to placebo two hours after a meal. And, in five of the studies, doctors found those with better magnesium levels from diet and supplements had less insulin resistance.
Discussing the findings, doctors said taking magnesium supplements has a beneficial role, improves glucose handling in those with diabetes, and improves insulin sensitivity in those who have greater chances of developing type 2 diabetes.
Natural Insights For Wellbeing
Reference: Nutrition Journal; January, 2017, Vol. 33, 28-34
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These articles provide nutritional information only and do not replace professional medical advice.